An Electric Vehicle Charging Station, Electric Recharging Point, Electronic Charging Station, or an Electrical Vehicle Supply Equipment is an element in the infrastructure that supplies electrical energy for the recharging of plug-in electrical vehicles such as electric cars, bikes, Neighborhood Electrical Vehicles (NEVs), and plug-in hybrids.
Although electric vehicles have been around since the mid-nineteenth century and an electric vehicle held the world record for fastest vehicular land speed until around 1900, the battery storage technologies of that times could not meet the demands for reliable and continued daily use.
The emergence of Metal oxide Semiconductor Transistors (MOS Transistors), during late 20th and early 21st century addressed that issue. This Combined with the efforts of companies such as TESLA to make electric cars mainstream helped increase their popularity to such a point that over 6.2 Million electric cars were sold worldwide in 2018.
EV charger ports in turn sprung up all over the world to power these vehicles to the point that there are over 5.2 Million ports worldwide with over 1.6 Million built on 2018 alone. Now of these 1.6 Million over 90% are Slow chargers which powers 1 or multiple 3kW connector ports that takes 6-12 hours for a full charge with either tethered or un tethered cables that are used built on places of residence or work.
The other types of chargers include Fast Chargers rated at 7-22kW with charge time of 4-6 hours for the 7kW and 1-2 hours for the 22kW port. They tend to be found at destinations such as car parks, malls, other leisure centers etc. Rapid chargers often the fastest way to charge an EVs are found in highways or in locations close to main roads. They charge vehicles up to 80% in a time span of 20-40 minutes when tethered.
The main proponents of these stations and their vehicles are countries such as The Republic of China where around 2 Million electric vehicles were sold in 2018 and where 770,000 EV Charging stations are operational as of today, and the nations of Europe most particularly Norway in which more than 200,000 fully electric cars and 96,000 hybrid cars were on the roads as of 2018, powered by 10,000 ports.
This rising interest has led to the EV Charging Infrastructure market to being valued at $6.45 Billion on 2018 with a projected growth rate of 36.8% to $95.98 Billion in 2027. These are good signs for this nascent market that aims to make Electric Vehicles the norm. But we have a long way to go for that since there are more than 1.2 Billion vehicles all over the globe with an estimated increase of 800 Million vehicles over the next 16 years to over 2 Billion as of 2035.
In order to go fully electric, we will have to replace all of these vehicles and set up an infrastructure to support them of which the charging stations play the most prominent role. In essence, we will have to over a period of time completely dismantle and replace our current transportation systems, a major link in the management and delivery of important resources such as food, minerals, raw materials for products used in the medical and pharmaceutical industries, etc. from one point of the earth to the other.
This is an enviable task with its own set of challenges and opportunities that I look forward to, because I believe with all my heart that we can make this a reality and leave behind a better world that we were born in.